半月刊

ISSN 1000-1026

CN 32-1180/TP

+高级检索 English
不对称规则采样CPS-PWM的基波近似模型及其频率特性
作者:
作者单位:

新能源电力系统国家重点实验室(华北电力大学), 北京市 102206

作者简介:

张雪垠(1992—),男,通信作者,博士研究生,主要研究方向:多电平换流器和电力电子变压器。E-mail: elec_zhang@foxmail.com
徐永海(1966—),男,博士,博士生导师,主要研究方向:电能质量分析与控制技术、电力电子变压器和新能源电力系统。E-mail: yonghaixu@263.net
徐少博(1994—),男,博士研究生,主要研究方向:电能质量分析与控制技术和电力电子换流器。E-mail: 13021085107@163.com

通讯作者:

基金项目:

北京市自然科学基金资助项目(3172036)。


Fundamental Approximation Model and Frequency Characteristics of CPS-PWM with Asymmetric Regular Sampling
Author:
Affiliation:

State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources (North China Electric Power University), Beijing 102206, China

Fund Project:

This work is supported by Beijing Natural Science Foundation (No. 3172036).

  • 摘要
  • |
  • 图/表
  • |
  • 访问统计
  • |
  • 参考文献
  • |
  • 相似文献
  • |
  • 引证文献
  • |
  • 资源附件
    摘要:

    中压多电平换流器常采用模块化结构,可应用于交/直流配电网。配电网电压较低,换流器子模块数较少,因此常采用载波移相脉宽调制(CPS-PWM)提升等效开关频率。建立CPS-PWM模型是换流器系统级建模的基础之一。调制环节非线性,因此常分析其基波。现有CPS-PWM基波近似模型以桥臂等效开关频率为准,在不对称规则采样下模型延时偏低、误差较大。以子模块为基础,通过子模块输出叠加建立了零阶保持器(ZOH)经纯延时近似、不近似以及纯延时环节经Padé近似的3种形式CPS-PWM基波近似模型,更准确地反映了CPS-PWM的频率特性。仿真研究验证了理论分析的正确性。

    Abstract:

    Medium-voltage multilevel converters usually adopt modular structures. They can be used in AC/DC distribution networks. As a result of the relatively low voltage in distribution networks, the number of converter sub-modules is small. Therefore, the carrier phase shift pulse width modulation (CPS-PWM) is usually adopted to increase the equivalent switching frequency. The modeling of CPS-PWM is one of the fundamentals of converter system modeling. The modulation stage is nonlinear, and thus, only the fundamental frequency component is usually considered. The existing fundamental approximation model of CPS-PWM is based on equivalent switching frequency, hence the low time delay and large errors exist when asymmetric regular sampling is adopted. In this work, the following three forms of fundamental approximation models of CPS-PWM are established, i.e. zero order holder (ZOH) delay approximation, ZOH no approximation, and delay Padé approximation. These models are developed by combining the outputs of sub-models on the basis of a sub-module. The proposed models reflect the frequency characteristics of CPS-PWM more accurately than the traditional one. A simulation study verifies the correctness of the theoretical analysis.

    表 1 传统模型与所提模型的对比Table 1 Comparison of traditional model and the proposed model
    图1 两电平PWM换流器的基本构成Fig.1 Basic structure of two-level PWM converters
    图2 两电平PWM的实现Fig.2 Implementation of two-level PWM
    图3 多电平换流器的桥臂结构Fig.3 Bridge arm structure of multilevel converter
    图4 CPS-PWM的实现Fig.4 Implementation of CPS-PWM
    图 调制波采样前和采样后的频谱Fig. Original- and sampled-spectrum of modulation wave
    图 两电平PWM基波近似模型Fig. Fundamental approximation model of two-level PWM
    图 抽取滤波Fig. Decimation filter
    图 CPS-PWM基波近似模型Fig. Fundamental approximation model of CPS-PWM
    图 PWM经ZOH等效前后的换流器滤波电感电流Fig. Current of converter filter inductor before and after ZOH equivalent of PWM
    图 ZOH未经近似处理的CPS-PWM基波近似模型Fig. Fundamental approximation model of CPS-PWM without approximation of ZOH
    图 基于 Padé近似的CPS-PWM基波近似模型Fig. Fundamental approximation model of CPS-PWM based on Padéapproximation
    图 CPS-PWM各环节仿真结果Fig. Simulation results of each part of CPS-PWM
    图 4种CPS-PWM基波近似模型的Bode图与仿真结果Fig. Bode diagram of 4 fundamental approximation models of CPS-PWM and simulation results
    图 无计算延时的CPS-PWM各环节仿真结果Fig. Simulation results of each part of CPS-PWM without calculation delay
    图 无计算延时情况下本文3种CPS-PWM基波近似模型的Bode图与仿真结果Fig. Bode diagram of the proposed 3 fundamental approximation models of CPS-PWM and simulation results without calculation delay
    图 f s/2=4200 Hz情况下本文3种CPS-PWM基波近似模型的Bode图与仿真结果Fig. Bode diagram of the proposed 3 fundamental approximation models of CPS-PWM and simulation results under f s/2=4200 Hz
    图 N=5, f s/2=2100 Hz情况下本文3种CPS-PWM基波近似模型的Bode图与仿真结果Fig. Bode diagram of the proposed 3 fundamental approximation models of CPS-PWM and simulation results under N=5, f s/2=2100 Hz
    参考文献
    相似文献
    引证文献
引用本文

张雪垠,徐永海,徐少博,等.不对称规则采样CPS-PWM的基波近似模型及其频率特性[J].电力系统自动化,2020,44(6):91-97. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20190328001.
ZHANG Xueyin,XU Yonghai,XU Shaobo,et al.Fundamental Approximation Model and Frequency Characteristics of CPS-PWM with Asymmetric Regular Sampling[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems,2020,44(6):91-97. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20190328001.

复制
分享
文章指标
  • 点击次数:
  • 下载次数:
  • HTML阅读次数:
  • 引用次数:
历史
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-28
  • 最后修改日期:2019-06-26
  • 录用日期:
  • 在线发布日期: 2020-03-21
  • 出版日期: