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可再生能源配额制的机制设计与影响分析
作者:
作者单位:

1.浙江大学电气工程学院,浙江省杭州市310027;2.安徽电力交易中心有限公司,安徽省合肥市230061

作者简介:

蒋轶澄(1995—),女,硕士研究生,主要研究方向:电力市场与电力经济、可再生能源消纳。E-mail:marissajiang@ foxmail.com

通讯作者:

杨莉(1974—),女,通信作者,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向:电力市场、电力系统运行与规划、电力经济。E-mail:eeyangli@zju.edu.cn

基金项目:

国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFB0901100)。


Mechanism Design and Impact Analysis of Renewable Portfolio Standard
Author:
Affiliation:

1.College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University,Hangzhou310027;China;2.Anhui Power Exchange Center Co., Ltd.,Hefei230061,Anhui

Fund Project:

This work is supported by National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2016YFB0901100).

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    摘要:

    随着中国可再生能源市场的不断扩大,现有的固定电价制度(FIT)造成可再生能源补贴压力逐渐增大,可再生能源配额制(RPS)成为中国当前可再生能源制度转型的目标机制。首先,论述了政府补贴型、市场导向型2类可再生能源激励制度的实施情况,并针对制度转型涉及的FIT和RPS机制展开比较分析。然后,综述了近年来RPS机制总体框架、核心要素以及配套措施等方面的研究。接着,根据RPS机制在各国实施情况和研究分析,综述了RPS机制对市场主体行为以及电力市场和绿证市场整体表现的影响。最后,分析表明中国应分阶段地推进RPS机制的实施,可考虑采用FIT-RPS并行的双轨制,按发电企业类型和可再生能源种类差别性实施FIT或RPS机制,同时注意惩罚措施、碳排放交易等相应配套措施的建设。

    Abstract:

    With the continuous expansion of renewable energy market in China, the pressure of government’s subsidy for renewable energy is gradually increasing due to the existing feed-in tariff (FIT). Currently, renewable portfolio standard (RPS) has become the targeted renewable energy incentive mechanism in China. Firstly, the implementation of two main types of renewable energy incentive policies are discussed, including government-subsidized type and market-oriented type, and the FIT and RPS which are involved in the transformation are compared. Secondly, the overall framework, core design elements and supporting measures of RPS are introduced, respectively. Then, according to the implementation and research analysis of RPS in various countries, the influences of RPS mechanism on the behavior of market participants and the overall performances of power market and green certificate market are summarized. Finally, the analysis shows that China should promote RPS mechanism stage by stage. The FIT-RPS double-track mechanism should be considered, with options on either FIT or RPS implemented for different types of power generation enterprises and various kinds of renewable energy sources. Meanwhile, China should take supporting measures such as penalty and carbon emission trading.

    表 1 主要国家或地区可再生能源激励政策实施状况Table 1 Implementation of incentive policies for renewable energy in major countries or regions
    图1 售电侧RPS下的市场交易框架Fig.1 Market trading framework with RPS on retailer’s side
    图1 售电侧RPS下的市场交易框架Fig.1 Market trading framework with RPS on retailer’s side
    图2 典型可再生能源激励政策下的电价示意图Fig.2 Schematic diagram of electricity price under typical incentive policy for renewable energy
    图3 RPS的整体设计框架Fig.3 Overall design framework of RPS
    图4 可再生能源上网竞价对市场电价的影响Fig.4 Impact of power grid bidding of renewable energy sources on market price
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引用本文

蒋轶澄,曹红霞,杨莉,等.可再生能源配额制的机制设计与影响分析[J].电力系统自动化,2020,44(7):187-199. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20190602001.
JIANG Yicheng,CAO Hongxia,YANG Li,et al.Mechanism Design and Impact Analysis of Renewable Portfolio Standard[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems,2020,44(7):187-199. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20190602001.

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  • 收稿日期:2019-06-02
  • 最后修改日期:2019-09-20
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-04-07
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