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双极MMC-HVDC系统站内接地故障特性及保护策略
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1.国网冀北电力有限公司检修分公司;2.国网冀北电力有限公司;3.华北电力大学电力工程系

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自然科学基金和重点基础研究专项基金资助项目(E2019502123)


Converter Grounding Fault Characteristics and Protection Strategy Based on Bipolar MMC-HVDC System
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    摘要:

    摘要:对称双极柔性直流输电系统相比单极系统输电容量更大、可靠性更高,因此逐渐被应用于实际工程中。针对双极系统模块化多电平换流器交直流出口接地故障,研究了换流器闭锁后的电压电流暂态特性,并推导了故障分量的数学解析式。研究结果表明,交流出口发生单相接地故障时,换流器闭锁后非故障相上、下桥臂分别出现了过电压和过电流现象,并且交流侧电流出现直流偏置导致故障相短路电流不存在过零点。直流出口发生单极接地故障,换流器闭锁后桥臂短路电流主要由交流系统注入的稳态电流和上下桥臂电抗间衰减的环流构成。针对交流出口发生单相接地故障这一特殊的故障特性,提出了一种选相跳闸保护策略,解决了故障电流不存在过零点时交流断路器无法正常断开的难题。最后搭建了张北四端环网结构柔性直流电网仿真模型,仿真结果验证了换流器出口故障特性分析的准确性以及所提选相跳闸保护策略的有效性和可行性。

    Abstract:

    Abstract: The symmetrical and bipolar flexible high voltage direct current(HVDC) transmission system has higher transmission capacity and higher reliability than the monopole system. Therefore, it is gradually being applied to practical engineering. In view of AC/DC outlet ground faults of modular multilevel converter in bipolar systems, the transient characteristics of voltage and current after converter fault blocking were studied, and the mathematical analytical formula of the fault component was derived. The research results show that a single phase-to-ground fault in the AC outlet lead to the up-arm of blocked converter on the non-fault phase over-voltage and the lower-arm over-current on the non-fault phase. And the DC bias on the AC-side current causes the fault phase short-circuit current to have no zero-crossing. When the DC outlet occurs a pole-to-ground fault, the short-circuit current of the bridge arm of the blocked converter is mainly composed of the steady-state current injected by the AC system and the circulating current between the upper and lower arm. A phase-selective trip protection strategy is proposed for this special fault characteristic of single-phase ground fault at AC outlet. The problem that the AC circuit breaker cannot be normally opened when the zero-crossing point of the fault current does not exist is solved.A simulation model of the zhangbei flexible DC grid was built. The simulation results show that the analysis of the fault characteristics in the converter outlet is accurate and the proposed strategy is effective and feasible.

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李振动,安海清,樊小伟,等.双极MMC-HVDC系统站内接地故障特性及保护策略[J].电力系统自动化. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20190715003.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-15
  • 最后修改日期:2019-12-03
  • 录用日期:2019-12-11
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