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充电负荷聚合商参与绿色证书交易的运营模式与关键技术
作者:
作者单位:

1.新能源电力系统国家重点实验室(华北电力大学),北京市102206;2.国网电动汽车服务有限公司,北京市100053

作者简介:

刘敦楠(1979—),男,博士,副教授,主要研究方向:虚拟电厂及能源互联网。E-mail:skks5@163.com
刘明光(1993—),男,通信作者,博士研究生,主要研究方向:虚拟电厂及电力市场。E-mail:mingguangliu@163.com
王文(1967—),男,教授级高级工程师,主要研究方向:充电网络运行与规划及电网调度自动化。E-mail:wangwen@evs.sgcc.com.cn

通讯作者:

基金项目:

国家电网公司科技项目(52020118007D)。


Operation Mode and Key Technology of Charging Load Aggregator Participating in Green Certificate Trading
Author:
Affiliation:

1.State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources (North China Electric Power University), Beijing102206, China;2.State Grid Electric Vehicle Service Limited Company, Beijing100053, China

Fund Project:

This work is supported by State Grid Corporation of China (No. 52020118007D).

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    摘要:

    充电网络是能源互联网的典型场景之一,深入研究充电网络运营模式与关键技术,可以有效缓解电动汽车充电负荷给电力系统带来的冲击,同时可以为促进大规模可再生能源消纳提供支撑。计及可再生能源配额制政策背景,提出了充电负荷聚合商的定义及运营框架,并针对充电负荷聚合商参与绿色证书交易市场的驱动力进行分析,进而构建了充电负荷聚合商内外2级绿色证书交易模式,并针对绿色证书交易与碳排放权交易、电力市场交易的耦合机理,建立了多市场协调机制。最后依据绿色证书交易模式,通过感知层、网络层、平台层、应用层4个维度,提出了针对充电负荷聚合商的绿色证书交易系统设计构想,支撑充电负荷聚合体系的发展与建设,为中国多类型、多场景下的能源互联网商业模式设计及其发展路径构建提供了参考。

    Abstract:

    Charging network is one of the typical scenarios of Energy Internet. The in-depth study of charging network operation mode and key technologies can effectively alleviate the impact of electric vehicle charging load on the power system. Meanwhile, the research can also provide support for promoting large-scale renewable energy consumption. Considering the policy background of renewable energy quota system, the definition and operation framework of charging load aggregator is proposed. On this basis, the driving force of charging load aggregators to participate in the green certificate trading market is analyzed, and then the two-level green certificate trading mode inside and outside the charging load aggregators is constructed. Then, in view of the coupling mechanism of green certificate trading, carbon emission trading and electricity market trading, a multi-market coordination mechanism is established. Finally, according to the green certificate trading mode, through the four dimensions of perception layer, network layer, platform layer and application layer, the concept of green certificate trading system and key technologies for charging load aggregator are put forward. The research results will support the development and construction of charging load aggregating system. This study can also provide a reference for the design and development path construction of Energy Internet business model in China.

    表 1 充电负荷特性对比分析Table 1 Comparative analysis of charging load characteristics
    图1 充电负荷聚合商运营框架Fig.1 Operation framework of charging load aggregator
    图2 充电负荷聚合商绿色证书交易主体博弈架构Fig.2 Game structure of green certificate transaction subject of charging load aggregator
    图3 充电负荷聚合商绿色证书交易模式Fig.3 Green certificate transaction mode of charging load aggregator
    图4 充电负荷聚合商绿色证书交易与多市场协调机制Fig.4 Coordination mechanism of green certificate transaction and multi-market of charging load aggregator
    图5 充电负荷聚合商绿色证书交易系统架构Fig.5 Architecture of green certificate transaction system of charging load aggregator
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刘敦楠,刘明光,王文,等.充电负荷聚合商参与绿色证书交易的运营模式与关键技术[J].电力系统自动化,2020,44(10):1-9. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20190813005.
LIU Dunnan,LIU Mingguang,WANG Wen,et al.Operation Mode and Key Technology of Charging Load Aggregator Participating in Green Certificate Trading[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems,2020,44(10):1-9. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20190813005.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-13
  • 最后修改日期:2019-11-20
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-05-22
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