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区块链技术在电力系统中的应用:前景与思路
作者:
作者单位:

1.浙江大学电气工程学院,浙江省杭州市 310027;2.浙江华云电力工程设计咨询有限公司,浙江省杭州市 310014

摘要:

区块链技术因其支撑的比特币系统而在金融领域受到了广泛关注,也在能源电力领域获得了一些应用尝试。介绍了区块链技术的基本原理,归纳了区块链技术的分权化、不变性、可扩展和分布式4项主要特征。根据服务与管理对象的差别,将区块链技术在电力系统环境中的应用划分为物理、金融、社会3种属性和信息安全、监测分析、交易平台、合约执行、智能决策、行为管理6项功能,分析了各项功能的针对问题和技术原理,并各选取一例典型场景进行具体说明。对于电力系统中规模较大的系统应用,提出基于雾计算与侧链结构的智能调度系统和基于公证人机制的碳排放权与绿证交易系统2套区块链架构。最后,总结区块链技术在电力系统环境下应用面临的瓶颈,并提出解决思路。

关键词:

基金项目:

国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFB0902600);国家自然科学基金资助项目(51877190)。

通信作者:

郭创新(1969—),男,通信作者,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:综合能源系统规划运行、智能电网风险评估与调度决策。E-mail:guochuangxin@zju.edu.cn

作者简介:

王胜寒(1996—),男,博士研究生,主要研究方向:综合能源系统规划设计、区块链技术。E-mail:wangshenghan@zju.edu.cn
郭创新(1969—),男,通信作者,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:综合能源系统规划运行、智能电网风险评估与调度决策。E-mail:guochuangxin@zju.edu.cn
冯斌(1997—),男,博士研究生,主要研究方向:电力系统风险调度、机器学习。E-mail:fengbinhz@zju.edu.cn


Application of Blockchain Technology in Power Systems: Prospects and Ideas
Author:
Affiliation:

1.College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China;2.Zhejiang Huayun Electric Power Engineering Design & Consultation Co., Ltd., Hangzhou 310014, China

Abstract:

Blockchain technology has received extensive attention in the financial field due to the bitcoin system it supports. It has also gained some applications in the field of energy and power. This paper introduces the basic principle of blockchain, and summarizes four main characteristics of decentralization, immutability, scalability and distribution of blockchain technology. According to the difference between the served objects and managed objects, the application of blockchain technology in the power system environment is divided into three attributes (physical, financial, and social) and six functions (information security, monitoring and analysis, trading platforms, contract execution, intelligent decision-making and behavior management). The problems and technical principles of various functions are analyzed, and a typical scenario is selected for each of the six functions. For large-scale system applications in the power system, two sets of blockchain architectures are proposed: smart dispatching system based on fog computing and side-chain structure, and carbon emission and green certificate trading system based on notary mechanism. Finally, this paper summarizes the bottlenecks faced by blockchain technology to be applied in the power system, and proposes some solutions.

Keywords:

Foundation:
This work is supported by National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFB0902600) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51877190).
引用本文
[1]王胜寒,郭创新,冯斌,等.区块链技术在电力系统中的应用:前景与思路[J].电力系统自动化,2020,44(11):10-24. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20200102005.
WANG Shenghan, GUO Chuangxin, FENG Bin, et al. Application of Blockchain Technology in Power Systems: Prospects and Ideas[J]. Automation of Electric Power Systems, 2020, 44(11):10-24. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20200102005.
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  • 收稿日期:2020-01-02
  • 最后修改日期:2020-03-11
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-05-28
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