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欧洲海上风电工程实践回顾及未来技术展望
作者:
作者单位:

电气工程学院电力与能源中心,丹麦技术大学,Kgs. Lyngby 2800,丹麦

摘要:

海上风电产业在欧洲已发展了近30年,目前已成为欧洲最主要的可再生能源发电形式之一,在未来可再生能源的规划中占有非常重要的地位。海上风电场在20世纪90年代初从丹麦、英国、瑞典和荷兰最早开展示范,由最初几万千瓦的规模逐步增长到几十万千瓦,到目前已发展到上百万千瓦。在这个产业化的过程中,欧洲风电行业积累了很多设计、监管及运行的经验。文中针对欧洲风电场发展过程,首先对不同发展阶段产生的一些主要技术问题进行了回顾,然后重点讨论了电气设计中的几个主要问题,从电气设计角度对工程实践的一些经验进行了总结,最后对未来风电场发展及并网技术方向进行了展望。

关键词:

基金项目:

英国天然气和电力市场办公室资助项目(SPT/Phoenix/16 December 2016)。

通信作者:

作者简介:

杨光亚(1981—),男,博士,高级研究员,主要研究方向:海上风电、电力系统稳定与控制、信息物理能源系统。E-mail:gyy@elektro.dtu.dk


Review on Engineering Practices and Future Technology Prospects of European Offshore Wind Power
Author:
Affiliation:

Center for Electric Power and Energy, Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby 2800, Denmark

Abstract:

Offshore wind power has been developed in Europe for nearly 30 years. Nowadays, it has been developed into one of the most important sources of renewable energy generation, and occupies strategical importance in future renewable energy planning and adoption. Offshore wind farms start their journey in several European countries including Denmark, Britain, and the Netherlands in the early 1990s from a series of demonstration projects. From the initial size of plants of a few megawatts, the size gradually increases to hundreds of megawatts and to gigawatts nowadays. In this process, European wind power industry has accumulated vast experience in electric design, monitoring, operation and maintenance. In view of the development process of European wind farms, this paper starts from reviewing some of the main technical problems arising from different stages of the development. After that, it focus on several major issues in electrical design, and summarizes some experience in engineering practice from the perspective of electrical design. Finally, the paper reviewes a few technical trends that can impact on the future development and integration of offshore wind power.

Keywords:

Foundation:
This work is supported by Phoenix Project led by Scottish Power and Energy Networks (No. SPT/Phoenix/16 December 2016).
引用本文
[1]杨光亚.欧洲海上风电工程实践回顾及未来技术展望[J].电力系统自动化,2021,45(21):23-32. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20210427001.
YANG Guangya. Review on Engineering Practices and Future Technology Prospects of European Offshore Wind Power[J]. Automation of Electric Power Systems, 2021, 45(21):23-32. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20210427001.
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  • 收稿日期:2021-04-27
  • 最后修改日期:2021-08-30
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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-11-03
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