文章摘要
张小平,李佳宁,付灏.英国电力零售市场的改革与挑战[J].电力系统自动化,2016,40(11):10-16. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20150508001.
ZHANG Xiaoping,LI Jianing,FU Hao.UK Retail Electricity Market Reform and Challenges[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems,2016,40(11):10-16. DOI: 10.7500/AEPS20150508001.
英国电力零售市场的改革与挑战
UK Retail Electricity Market Reform and Challenges
DOI:10.7500/AEPS20150508001
关键词: 电力市场  电力市场改革  电力零售市场  电力供应商
KeyWords: electricity market  electricity market reform  retail electricity market  electricity supplier
上网日期:2016-04-27
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
张小平 伯明翰大学, 伯明翰 B15 2TT, 英国 x.p.zhang@bham.ac.uk 
李佳宁 伯明翰大学, 伯明翰 B15 2TT, 英国  
付灏 伯明翰大学, 伯明翰 B15 2TT, 英国  
摘要:
      简要概括了从引入竞争的电力库模式经3次改革终而实现全国统一的电力交易和输电协议(BETTA)市场模式的历程;重点介绍了英国电力市场经过4次改革形成的较为完善的电力零售市场交易机制与监督体系,尤其是促进电力零售市场自由化和竞争的电力供应商的概念和职责,并指明售电价格和消费者用电账单的分解是评估现今零售市场健康度的重要指标。最后,提出了英国电力零售市场在3次改革过程中暴露出的弊端,以及在以低碳化为重点的第4次改革到来时所面临的挑战,并对新到来的中国电力市场改革提出相关建议。
Abstract:
      This paper briefly introduced the course of three market reforms that shaped the UK retail electricity market from a Power Pool to a unified BETTA model applied nationwide. The regulation of market participants and the refined electricity transactions provided valuable guidance for the current Chinese practice in the retail electricity market reform. The key points include the definition and responsibilities of electricity suppliers as well as their roles in promoting the market liberation and competition. Also it is explicitly explained that the breakdown of consumer electricity bills becomes an important indicator of market assessment. Meanwhile, the problems emerged during the stages of British reform and the challenges they encountered in the upcoming low-carbon market reconstruction can also be treated as prerequisites for the next-round Chinese endeavors in the retail market.
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